Ali Vakilian
  • IDEAL Institute Postdoctoral Scholar, Toyota Technological Institute—Chicago (TTIC)
    Hosts: Yury Makarychev and Nathan Srebro
    September 2020—present
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, CS Department, University of Wisconsin—Madison
    Host: Ilias Diakonikolas
    September 2019—September 2020
  • Ph.D., EECS Department, MIT
    Advisors: Erik Demaine and Piotr Indyk
  • M.S., CS Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC)
    Advisor: Chandra Chekuri
  • B.S., CE Department, Sharif University
Research Interests
  • Learning-Based/Data Driven Algorithms
  • Algorithmic Fairness
  • Design and Analysis of Algorithms for Massive Data
  • Approximation Algorithms, Combinatorial Optimization, and Graph Algorithms
Academic Service
CV [Last update: March 2021]

Email: vakilian[at]ttic[dot]edu
Publications (click on [+/-] to see a short summary)
Massive Data Graph Algorithms Machine Learning
Conference and Journal Papers
  • Approximation Algorithms for Socially Fair Clustering MD ML
    Yury Makarychev, Ali Vakilian.
    COLT 2021.
  • Learning Online Algorithms with Distributional Advice MD ML
    Ilias Diakonikolas, Vasilis Kontonis, Christos Tzamos, Ali Vakilian, Nikos Zarifis.
    ICML 2021.
  • Individual Fairness for k-Clustering MD ML [video]
    Sepideh Mahabadi, Ali Vakilian.
    ICML 2020.
  • Improved Local Computation Algorithm for Set Cover via Sparsification MD GA [video]
    Christoph Grunau, Slobodan Mitrović, Ronitt Rubinfeld, Ali Vakilian.
    SODA 2020.
  • Learning-Based Low-Rank Approximations MD ML
    Piotr Indyk, Ali Vakilian, Yang Yuan.
    NeurIPS 2019.
  • Structural Rounding: Approximation Algorithms for Graphs Near an Algorithmically Tractable Class GA
    Erik Demaine, Timothy Goodrich, Kyle Kloster, Brian Lavallee, Quanquan Liu, Blair Sullivan, Ali Vakilian, Andrew van der Poel.
    ESA 2019.
    We developed a generic framework to “round” an input graph into a family of graphs with “certain structures” using a small number of “edits”, then solve the problem on the edited structured graph, and finally “lift” the solution back to get a near optimal solution in the original graph. This rounding framework in particular implies algorithms with improved approximation factors for many classical NP-hard problems such as vertex cover, feedback vertex set, independent set, and many variants of dominating set on graphs close to bounded degenerate, bounded treewidth.
  • Sample-Optimal Low-Rank Approximation of Distance Matrices MD ML [video by Tal]
    Piotr Indyk, Ali Vakilian, Tal Wagner, David Woodruff.
    COLT 2019.
  • Scalable Fair Clustering MD ML [code] [video]
    Arturs Backurs, Piotr Indyk, Krzysztof Onak, Baruch Schieber, Ali Vakilian, Tal Wagner.
    ICML 2019.
  • Tight Trade-offs for Maximum k-Coverage Problem in the General Streaming Model MD [video]
    Piotr Indyk, Ali Vakilian.
    PODS 2019.
    We provided a tight trade-off between the space complexity and approximation factor of any single-pass streaming algorithm that estimates the maximum coverage size in the general edge-arrival streaming model (i.e. element-set pairs). This work is among a very few known results on design of streaming algorithms for combinatorial optimization tasks that exploit vector sketching techniques (e.g., lp-norm estimation and heavy hitters)
  • Learning-Based Frequency Estimation Algorithms MD ML [website] [code] [video by Piotr] [MIT News, Forbes]
    Chen-Yu Hsu, Piotr Indyk, Dina Katabi, Ali Vakilian.
    ICLR 2019.
    We augmented the existing algorithms for frequency estimation with a machine learned oracle for the task of finding heavy hitters. Besides the empirical improvement over the existing methods for frequency estimation (such as Count-Min and Count-Sketch), our approach provably provides better guarantees if the input distribution has certain structure. Moreover, in the worst case scenario, our algorithms match the performance of the best known algorithms for frequency estimation.
  • Local Computation Algorithms for Spanners
    Merav Parter, Ronitt Rubinfeld, Ali Vakilian, Anak Yodpinyanee.
    ITCS 2019.
    We designed the first sub-linear time LCAs for several variants of spanners with constant stretch in general graphs. Generally speaking, given an edge (u,v), our algorithm decides whether the edge is in the spanner in o(|V|). Furthermore, the partial answers altogether constitute a single valid output.
  • Set Cover in Sub-linear Time
    Piotr Indyk, Sepideh Mahabadi, Ronitt Rubinfeld, Ali Vakilian, Anak Yodpinyanee.
    SODA 2018.
    We provided tight sub-linear algorithms for Set Cover in query access model. Our lower bound results follow by designing two distributions of Set Cover instances that are hard to distinguish.
  • Fractional Set Cover in the Streaming Model
    Piotr Indyk, Sepideh Mahabadi, Ronitt Rubinfeld, Jonathan Ullman, Ali Vakilian, Anak Yodpinyanee.
    APPROX 2017.
    We presented a constant-pass algorithm for solving fractional set cover near-optimally in sub-linear space. This was the first instance of covering LPs with a constant pass algorithm in the streaming model. Our algorithm finds a (1+ε)-approximate solution employing the multiplicative weight update method.
  • Cost-Effective Conceptual Design Over Taxonomies
    Ali Vakilian, Yodsawalai Chodpathumwan, Arash Termehchy, Amir Nayyeri.
    WebDB 2017. Also in VLDB Journal 2018.
  • Towards Tight Bounds for the Streaming Set Cover Problem
    Sariel Har-Peled, Piotr Indyk, Sepideh Mahabadi, Ali Vakilian.
    PODS 2016.
    We developed improved constant-pass streaming algorithms for Set Cover. The algorithms turned out to be “the optimal” algorithm for Set Cover (and some other related problems) in several massive data models in subsequent work by us and other researchers.
  • On Streaming and Communication Complexity of The Set Cover Problem MD
    Erik Demaine, Piotr Indyk, Sepideh Mahabadi, Ali Vakilian.
    DISC 2014.
    We introduced the “low-approximate” streaming Set Cover where the goal is to obtain near log(n)-approximate solution of Set Cover and presented the first constant-pass algorithm with sub-linear space.
  • Which Concepts are Worth Extracting?
    Arash Termehchy, Ali Vakilian, Yodsawalai Chodpathumwan, Marianne Winslett.
    SIGMOD 2014. Also in Transactions on Database Systems (TODS) 2015.
  • Improved Approximation Algorithms for Degree-bounded Network Design Problems with Node Connectivity Requirements
    Alina Ene, Ali Vakilian.
    STOC 2014.
    we presented the first (O(1),O(1))-bicriteria approximations for several variants of degree-bounded Survivable Network Design problems (SNDP) (e.g. VC-SNDP, k-connected subgraph) addressing several important open questions in the area by Fukunaga-Nutov-Ravi and Cheriyan-Vegh.
  • Prize-collecting Survivable Network Design in Node-weighted Graphs GA
    Chandra Chekuri, Alina Ene, Ali Vakilian.
    APPROX 2012 .
    We developed the first non-trivial approximation algorithm for the node-weighted prize-collecting Survivable Network Design problem (SNDP): O(k log n)-approximation where k is the maximum connectivity requirement between any pair of vertices. This improves to O(k) on minor-closed families of graphs. One of our contributions was to define a novel LP relaxation for node-weighted SNDP based on multi-route flows.
  • Node-weighted Network Design in Planar and Minor-closed Families of Graphs GA
    Chandra Chekuri, Alina Ene, Ali Vakilian.
    ICALP 2012.
    We considered the node-weighted Survivable Network Design problem (SNDP) on minor-closed families of graphs. Our algorithm achieves an O(k)-approximation where k is the maximum connectivity requirement of any pair of vertices, which improves upon the O(k log n)-approximation of the node-weighted SNDP on general graphs.

    [arXiv version] builds upon the conference version with results on edge-connectivity and extends its result to the setting with element-connectivity requirements.
    In Transactions on Algorithms (TALG) 2021.
Publication Profiles
  • Approximation Algorithms for Fair Clustering

    • Google Research, April 15.

    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Theory Seminar, April 19.

    • University of Washington Theory Seminar, April 20.

    • Joint Purdue University and University of Michigan Theory Seminar, April 23.

    • TOC4Fairness Seminar, April 28.

    • MIT A&C Seminar, May 10.

    • UC San Diego Theory Seminar, May 17.

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