The format for documenting electronic sources of information is still being developed. The following
forms are taken from the MLA Handbook, 4th ed. (1995), and recent online papers
and articles (Harnack and Kleppinger, 1996; Walker, 1996a; 1996b).
CD-ROMs and Other Portable Databases
Provide the author, date, and title information as you would for a print source. Identify the medium
(such as CD-ROM, electronic tape, cartridge tape) after the title of the database. At the end of the
entry, include the location and name of the product and the publication date.
CD-ROM Database: Abstract with a Print Version
Steinhausen, Harold C., and Mary Vollrath.
"The Self-Image of Adolescent Patterns
with Eating Disorders." International
Journal of Eating Disorders 13 (1993):
item 80-33985, PsycLIT Abstracts. CD-ROM.
Information Published Only on CD-ROM
Material Safety Datasheets. CD-ROM. Enterprise,
FL: Solution Software. 1996.
Quattro Pro. Ver. 6.02 for Windows. Computer
Program. Dublin, Ireland: Corel, 1996.
One proposed, but not yet accepted, MLA style guideline (Harnack
and Kleppinger, 1996) suggests the following format: the author's name; the full title of the
document in quotation marks, if appropriate; the title of the journal or larger work if available
underlined or in italics; the date of publication or last revision; the full Uniform Resource Locator
(URL) address; and the date accessed in parentheses. Enclose
the full URL path in angle brackets (< >) with no underlining or punctuation. (Do not end
a URL with any punctuation mark, and begin it on a new line rather than breaking it between two
Journal Published Only Online
Harnack, Andrew, and Gene Kleppinger. "Beyond
the MLA Handbook: Documenting Electronic
Sources on the Internet." Kairos 1.2
(21 Sep. 1996).
Document Available through the World Wide Web
Walker, Janice R. "MLA-Style Citations of
Electronic Sources." Ver. 1.0, Rev. Apr.
(21 Sep. 1996).
Document Retrieved from a File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Archive
Use the same form as for a World Wide Web document except precede the full path name of the
file with the lowercase abbreviation ftp and do not
enclose the path name in angle brackets.
Curtis, Pavel. "Mudding: Social Phenomena in
Text-Based Virtual Realities." 1992.
(4 Aug. 1996).
## MLA: Electronic Sources ##
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