Who is John Deutch?

John Deutch was born in Belgium in 1938, to a very privileged
family. They moved to the US, where he attended Sidwell Friends, one
of Washington's most prominent private schools, then Amherst College
and MIT. By then Deutch was already in demand at the Pentagon. "I had
to fight to keep him at MIT," declared his Ph.D. thesis adviser,
Irving Oppenheimer.
	Since his graduation Deutch has been continuously involved
with the Pentagon. He worked at the Department of Defense (DOD) Office
of Systems Analysis from 1961 to 1965. He then returned to academia,
first to Princeton, then to MIT, where his research has centered on
military applications of technology like fuel-air bombs, one of the
most devastating non-nuclear weapons in existence.
	In 1975 he became a member of the DOD's Defense Science Board
(DSB). He has been a member of half a dozen more such committees
since, including the DSB summer study on Chemical Warfare in 1980, the
DOD-University Forum in 1983, the Midgetman Missile panel in 1986, and
President Bush's Foreign Intelligence Board.
	Deutch served as MIT Provost from 1985 to 1990. During his
term he angered many at the Institute because of his authoritarian
style of leadership. Especially controversial was his decision to
close the MIT Department of Applied Biological Sciences, which was
made precipitously after little more than a month of discussion. His
ties to the Pentagon and conflicts of interest with the corporations
on whose boards he served also came to the spotlight. Although he was
the obvious candidate for the MIT presidency after Paul Gray retired,
both of the above-mentioned controversies prevented that from
	In 1993 he returned to the Pentagon as the so-called
"acquisition czar," in charge of buying tens of billions of dollars in
weaponry. In 1994 he was promoted to the post of Deputy Secretary of
Defense (the number 2 position at the Pentagon). This post gave him
some authority over most of the intelligence budget, which comes from
the Pentagon. Finally, in May 1995, he was appointed as Director of
the Central Intelligence Agency.
	He has also sat on many corporate boards of directors,
including those of Perkin-Elmer, Schlumberger, Citicorp, and Science
Applications and Instruments Corporation. In the fiscal year 1987-88
his income from those companies exceeded his MIT salary, which was one
of the highest at the Institute.
	Deutch is considered a conservative in defense-intelligence
issues, and has been a long-term advocate of US nuclear weapons
build-up. He is also a strong supporter of biological weapons, and of
using chemical and biological weapons together in order to increase
their killing efficiency.

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