Some random ideas on how to get your bird to eat veggies.
I initially wrote this up as email suggestions to a question regarding
how to get a cockatiel to eat its veggies.... The techniques here can
apply to other small TAME parrots as well. Warning: you know your
bird best. If you think it's so klutzy it could kill itself with a
broccoli stem, don't give it one. Also, don't ever let your bird
starve; don't switch it too fast to new foods, and make sure it has
enough stuff that it will eat to keep up its health.
Remember, persistence is key. It took me 2 weeks of daily trying to
get my birds to eat pellets, for instance. (How I did it.) But for the birds' health,
it really is worth it to get them to eat pellets and vegetables.
(Remember: NO avocado or chocolate.) Generally, the younger the bird,
the more success you'll have.
Why veggies? Better health, longer life, variety in
the diet, etc. etc.... Read Bird Talk.
Some Random Ideas
Your mileage will vary
Teaching birds to eat veggies can be tedious, but a lot of fun as
well. Projects like this tend to stretch human creativity :-). Oh,
and be prepared for a lot of food waste with birds; they often
don't eat things cleanly or completely. But isn't a lightly-nibbled
half a leaf of lettuce or a broccoli stem worth it for your bird's
health and entertainment? And a final comment: clean up uneaten
food before it goes too limp --- or worse yet, moldy.
- Know the basics of bird food. First of all, if you're a new bird
owner, read about these common food-related
mistakes first! Also, be aware these techniques work best with a
friendly, hand-tame bird who thinks you are a good rolemodel, not some
terrible birdie-eating monster.
- The see-it's-not-poison-approach. Eat fruits and veggies in
front of the bird. Show it how tasty the stuff is (even if it isn't).
Keep doing this until the bird looks curious, if not green with envy.
Then try the finger-food technique below.
- The green paper approach. Stick leafy veggies like romaine
lettuce in the cage bars (or stand some on the cage). If your bird
likes to chew holes in paper, like my tiel does, then it might just
mistake it for green paper. By the way, romaine lettuce is, I
believe, seven times more nutritious than iceberg, and seems to be
preferred by birds. You can try spinach and other dark leafy greens,
too (though there is some concern about too much spinach, so don't
overdo that particular veggie).
- The fake green seeds approach. Put broccoli heads out where the
bird can nibble on it (or offer some in your fingers). Broccoli
heads, in particular, tend to look like a collection of green seeds;
this is how I introduced the foreign concept of veggies to my 'tiel,
back when he was very young. I give my birds entire broccoli stalks
(with all but one of the floret sets cut off for the humans' dinner),
and they sometimes rip off all the flowers and strip the stalk. You
can usually tell how fresh and tasty the broccoli was by how much of
it is eaten (the older and more bitter ones sometimes get no damage).
If you leave the stalk on the cage-top, the birds can play with it
there (and you'll probably have to go retrieve it from the floor when
they push it off).
- The finger-food technique. Offer bits of veggies in your
fingers. Or, if you can do it without getting yucky human saliva on
it, have one end of the food in your mouth and the other by your
bird's beak, thereby proving to your paranoid bird that it's
not poisonous (don't do this in civilized company, and then give the
bird a clean piece if it decides the stuff is OK to eat after all).
My 'tiel learned to eat green peas from my fingers. Of course, I had
to puncture the pea early on because he didn't know to do that at
first. (A pea, after all, is nothing more than a giant seed --- and
'tiels seem to love seeds). Now he loves to sit on the table and eat
the insides out of peas --- as many as 5 (Tcsh, 10 or more!) at one
sitting. The peas are probably as big as his brain....
- The play-thing approach. Make veggies look interesting.
Maybe use a knife to make a thick piece thin enough for a small beak
(a big chunk of carrot would be the equivalent of giving a child a
beachball-sized carrot and expecting culinary enjoyment), and give it
interesting projections and things that could tempt a birdie to nibble
on it and generally treat it like a toy. Maybe some of it will wind
up in the bird.
- Feed other foods, too, like plain spaghetti, bread, boiled egg
(eggs should be boiled 15+ minutes, they say), and low-fat crackers.
Though not veggies, encouraging your bird to be adventurous with other
foods will encourage it to be adventurous with crisp green and orange
things, too. My tiel just naturally seems to regard plain cooked
spaghetti as some sort of intrinsic part of a cockatiel diet. Must
look like a worm or something. Spaghetti dangling from fingers, set
on a shoulder, sitting on a plate, or curled on top of a bird cage ---
doesn't matter where.
- Tempt with toys ... while most of these techniques work
best with tame birds, this is something that I've done with my untamed
budgies (parakeets). I very tightly tied small bundles of dried
alfalfa together and dangled them in their cage. After a few days of
comical fear and avoidance the budgies learned to chew and rip apart
the alfalfa. However, I should note that dangling strings/wires can
be extremely dangerous, and open loops of string/wire even more so.
If anyone can think of a better way to present small bundles of
alfalfa for birdie destruction, I'd love to hear about it....
- The boring approach. You can do the standard way of adding
veggies to the bird's food bowl diligently for weeks on end, too. But
try the other methods as well. They're more fun and probably more
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