Outlining and Planning an Oral Presentation
Learn the basic outline for any oral presentation. Most consist of
- Question-and-answer period
The introduction to an oral presentation usually includes these components:
To lend structure to your oral presentation, repeat key phrases from your introductory overheads throughout your presentation.
For further discussion and examples of overheads, see Examples of
Materials for an Oral Presentation: A Design Review.
The body of an oral presentation includes these elements:
The closing of an oral presentation includes these elements:
In the question-and-answer period, you do the following things:
- Interact with the audience by responding to their queries. Use the
question-and-answer period as a means of collaborating with your audience: learn
what you failed to communicate effectively; incorporate suggestions from the
audience into the next stage of your work, where appropriate.
- Gauge the effectiveness of your presentation from the kinds of questions you are
asked. If the questions seem trivial or repetitious, then you probably did not
communicate well to that audience.
- Go into more detail about some points you covered.
- Present new material in response to a question (when this material is used to support
major points in your presentation).
You should try to anticipate what kinds of questions you may be asked and prepare viewgraphs for this possibility.
## Outlining an Oral Presentation ##
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