General Structure of Entry
A CBE reference entry has four basic elements: author; title;
publication information; and page numbers. End each element with a period, and do not use periods to indicate abbreviations.
- Author or authors: List all authors by last name, followed by a space
and capitalized initials without any spacing or punctuation. End the author section
with a period. If there is more than one author, place a comma after the name of each author except for the
final author. The name of the final author should not be preceded by
and or an ampersand (&). List the first ten authors of
any work. If the work has more than ten authors, list the first ten followed by the
phrase "and others."
- Titles: Only the first word, proper
nouns, proper adjectives, and capitalized
abbreviations (such as HIV) of article and book titles are capitalized. However, capitalize all principal words of a journal title. Do not underline or italicize any
- Publication information--date format: Always include the year and, in
some case, the month and day as part of the publication information. If you have a
choice, give dates in the format year, month (abbreviate all months except May), and
day (in arabic numerals) without any commas (for example, 1991 Sep 7). In Europe,
Canada, and the U.S. military, a day-month-year sequence may be preferred (for
example, 7 Sep 1991).
- Page numbers: Give the range of page numbers in as few digits as
possible without creating any possible ambiguity (1263-7, but 98-203). Indicate the
range of page numbers by the single character p without a period.
Indicate the total number of pages of a book or a section of a book by the character
## CBE: Reference Entry ##
[ Home | Table of Contents
| Writing Timeline | Index |
Help | Credits]